Supplementary Materials: Criticism

May Morris's Introductions to the Collected Works

Early Poems

Articles from The Journal of William Morris Studies

Baïssus, J. M. "Morris and the Oxford and Cambridge Magazine."JWMS 5.2 (Winter 1982): 2-13

Dewan, Pauline. "Patterns of Enclosure in Morris's Early Stories."JWMS 11.2 (Spring 1995): 9-11

Fletcher, Chris. "A Rediscovered and Partly Unpublished Morris Notebook."JWMS 14.3 (Winter 2001): 12-20.

Timo, Helen. "A Church Without God: William Morris's A Night in a Cathedral."JWMS 4.2 (Summer 1980): 24-31.

Other Essays on the Early Writings:

Boos, Florence S. "The Structure of Morris' Tales for the Oxford and Cambridge Magazine." Victorian Periodicals Review 20 (1987), 2-12.

Gordon, Walter K. "Pre-Raphaelitism and The Oxford and Cambridge Magazine." Journal of the Rutgers University Library 29(1966), 42-51.

Hosman, Robert Stahr. "The Germ (1850) and The Oxford and Cambridge Magazine (1856)." Victorian Periodicals Newsletter 4 (April 1969), 36-47.

Hosman, Robert Stahr. "The Oxford and Cambridge Magazine." British Literary Magazines: The Victorian and Edwardian Age, ed. Alvin Sullivan. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1984, 294-302.

Le Mire, Eugene D., ed. Introduction, The Hollow Land and Other Contributions to the Oxford and Cambridge Magazine. Bristol: Thoemmes Press, 1996.

Whitla, William. "William Morris's 'The Mosque Rising in the Place of the Temple of Solomon: A Critical Text.'" Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies 9 (Summer 2000), 43-82.

The Defence of Guenevere

From the Journal of William Morris Studies:

Berry, Ralph. "The Symbolism of William Morris." JWMS 3.4 (Winter 1978): 20-34.

Firth, Richard. "'Honorable and Nobel Adventures': Courtly and Chivalric Idealism in Morris's Froissartian Poems," JWMS 17.3 (Winter 2007).

Hodgson, Amanda. "Riding Together: William Morris and Robert Browning."JWMS 9.4 (Spring 1992): 3-7.

Hoskins, Robert. "Image and Motif in The Haystack in the Floods." JWMS 3.2 (Summer 1976): 4-7.

Jackson, Vanessa Furse. "'Two Red Roses Across the Moon'-Reconsidering Symbolic Implications." Vanessa Furse Jackson, JWMS 12.1 (Autumn 1996): 29-34.

Schofield, John. "The Defence of Guenevere and Contemporary Critics." JWMS 3.1 (Spring 1974): 27-30.

Williams, Todd O. "Teaching Morris's Early Dream Poems through the Three Registers." Todd O. Williams, JWMS 17.2 (Summer 2007): 99-114.

Helsinger, Elizabeth. "Lyric Colour: Pre-Raphaelite Art and Morris's The Defence of Guenevere." JWMS 15.2 (2004): 16-40.

Braesel, Michaela. "The Influence of Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts on the Pre-Raphaelites and the Early Poetry of William Morris."JWMS 15.2 (2004):41-54.

Miles, Rosie. "Illustrating Morris: The Work of Jessie King and Maxwell Armfield."JWMS 15.2 (2004):109-135.

Helsinger, Elisabeth. "Lyric Colour: Pre-Raphaelite Art and Morris's The Defence of Guenevere." JWMS 15.4(2004): 16-40.

Braesel, Michaela. "The Influence of Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts on the Pre-Raphaelites and the Early Poetry of William Morris."JWMS 15.4 (2004): 41-54.

Miles, Rosie. "Illustrating Morris: The Work of Jessie King and Maxwell Armfield."JWMS 15.4 (2004): 109-135.

Other Selections:

From Carole Silver, The Romance of William Morris, Ohio University Press, 1982, pp. 40-42, 45-46.

Armstrong, Isobel.

Balch, Dennis R. "Guenevere's Fidelity to Arthur in 'The Defence of Guenevere' and 'King Arthur's Tomb." Victorian Poetry 13.3-4 (1975): 61-70.

Boos, Florence. "Justice and Vindication in William Morris's 'The Defence of Guenevere.'" King Arthur Through the Ages, eds. Valerie M. Lagorio and Mildred Leake Day. Vol. 2. Garland Publishing, Inc.: New York, 1990.

Boos, Florence. "Sexual Polarities in The Defence of Guenevere." Browning Institute Studies 13 (1985), 181-200.

Boos, Florence. "William Morris, Robert Bulwer-Lytton, and the Arthurian Poetry of the 1850s," Arthuriana 6.3 (1996), 31-53.

Calhoun, Blue. The Pastoral Vision of William Morris: The Earthly Paradise. Athens: Unviersity of Georgia Press, 1974. "Heroic Quest: The Mood of Energy," 39-59.

Dahl, Curtis. "Morris's 'The Chapel in Lyoness': An Interpretation," Studies in Philology, 51 (1954), 482-491 .

Helsinger, Elizabeth.

Herbert, Karen. "Dissendent Language in The Defence of Guenevere." Victorian Poetry 34.3 (1996): 313-27. 299-312.

Kirchhoff, Frederick. William Morris: The Construction of A Male Self, 1856-1872. Ohio University Press, 1990, 70-81.

Kirchhoff, Frederick. "'The Glory and Freshness of a Dream': Arthurian Romances as Reconstructed Childhood." Arthuriana Arthuriana 6.3 (1996), 3-13.

Mancoff, Debra N. "Problems with the Pattern: William Morris's Arthurian Imagery." Arthuriana 6.3 (1996), 55-68.

Sadoff, Diane. "Erotic Murders: Structural and Rhetorical Irony in William Morris' Froissart Poems," Victorian Poetry 13.3-4 (1975): 11-26.

Scott, Dixon. “The First Morris,” in Primitiae: Essays in English Literature. Liverpool: The University Press, 1912: 183-236.

Shaw, W. David. "Arthurian Ghosts: The Phantom Art of 'The Defence of Guenevere.'" Victorian Poetry 34.3 (1996): 299-312.

Spatt, Hartley. "William Morris and the Uses of the Past." Victorian Poetry 13.3-4 (1975): 1-9.

Struve, Laura. "The Public Life and Private Desires of Women in William Morris's 'Defence of Guenevere'." Arthuriana 6.3 (1996): 15-28.

The Life and Death of Jason

Boos, Florence. “Jason’s ‘Wise’ Women: Gender and Morris’s First Romantic Epic.” Writing on the Image: Reading William Morris, edited David Latham. University of Toronto Press, 2007. 41-58. pdf

Kermode, Helen Sybil. "The Classical Sources of Morris's Life and Death of Jason." Primitiae: Essays in English Literature by Students of the University of Liverpool. Liverpool and London, 1912, 158-82.

Miles, Rosie. "Illustrating Morris: The Work of Jessie King and Maxwell Armfield."JWMS 15.4 (2004): 109-135.

Unpublished Tales from the Earthly Paradise

Boos, Florence, "The Evolution of the Wanderers' Prologue," Papers on Language and Literature 20.4 (1984), 397-417. (pdf)

Holzman, Michael, "The First Version of 'The Wanderers'," The Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies 3.1(1982): 91-104. (pdf)

Goodwin, K.L. “An Unpublished Tale from The Earthly Paradise.” Victorian Poetry, 13 (Fall- Winter 1975): 91-102.

Latham, David. "Literal and Literary Texts: Morris' 'Story of Dorothea,'" Victorian Poetry 34.3 (Autumn 1996): 329-39.

Boos, Florence, "The Story of Orpheus and Eurydice": An Omitted Earthly Paradise Tale," Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies 4.1 (November, 1983): 58-86.Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies 4.1 (November, 1983): 58-86. [in html form on orpheussupple.html]

Anderson, Karl. "TheWooing of Swanhild, " from Karl Anderson, "The Beginning of Morris's Interest in the History and Literature of Early Scandinavia: 1834-1870," Chapter 1, "Scandinavian Elements in the Works of William Morris," Unpub. dissertation, Harvard, 1940. [also includes discussion of "In Arthur's House"]

"The Wooing of Swanhild." From Karl Litzenberg. "Contributions of the Old Norse Language and Literature to the Style and Substance of the Writings of William Morris, 1856-76." Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1933. Chapter 3.3 The Wooing of Swanhild 210-228 [pdf]

The Earthly Paradise

Anderson, Karl. Discussion of "The Lovers of Gudrun," "The Story of Aslaug." "Scandinavian Elements in the Works of William Morris." Diss., Harvard University, 1940. "Aslaug," pp. 120-27. "Gudrun," 64-109; Morris and the Earthly Paradise, 13-38.

Balch, Dennis, "'The Lovers of Gudrun,' Sigurd the Volsung, and The House of the Wolfings: Three Chapters in a Tale of the Individual and the Tribe," After Summer Seed: Reconsiderations of William Morris's Sigurd the Volsung, Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania: William Morris Society in the United States, 1977. [pdf format]

Boos, Florence S. "The Structure of Morris's Tales for the Oxford and Cambridge Magazine," Victorian Periodicals Review, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Spring, 1987), pp. 2-12

Boos, Florence. "Sources for Morris's 'Wanderers' Prologue.'" American Notes and Queries 22.5-6 (1984): 73-78.

Boos, Florence. "Ten Journeys to the Venusberg: Morris' Drafts for The Hill of Venus" Victorian Poetry, Vol. 39 (Winter,2001): 597-616.

Calhoun, Blue. "Pastoral: The Mood of Idleness," 61-62 and "The Four Seasons of Man and Soceity: The General Sructure and Volume I, " 117-128; "The Burning Days of Mid-summer Suns: Volume II," in The Pastoral Vision of William Morris. U Georgia: Athens, 1975, 146-77.

Ellison, Ruth C. "'The Undying Glory of Dreams': William Morris and 'The Northland of Old,'" Victorian Poetry, ed. M. Bradbury and D. Palmer. London: E. Arnold, 1972, 138-75.

Ellison, Ruth. "An Unpublished Poem by William Morris," English 15 (Autumn, 1964): 100-102.

Faulkner, Peter. "The Story of Alcestis in William Morris and Ted Hughes,"JWMS 16/23 (2005): 56-79.

Goodwin, Kenneth. "Unpublished Lyrics of William Morris." Yearbook of English Studies 5(1975): 190-206.

Hodgson, Amanda. "'The Highest Poetry': Epic Narrative in The Earthly Paradise and Idylls of the King," Victorian Poetry (1996): 341-54.

Julian, Linda. "Laxdaela Saga and 'The Lovers of Gudrun': Morris' Poetic Vision." Victorian Poetry (1996): 355-71.

Kierstead, Christopher. Victorian Poetry, Europe, and the Challenge of Cosmopolitanism. Ohio State University Press, 2011, 143-177. [pdf] Chapter 6: "Affinity versus Isolation: Cosmopolitanism and the Racial Dynamics of Morris's Europe"

Latham, David. "Paradise Lost: Morris's Re-writing of The Earthly Paradise." Journal of Pre-Raphelite Studies 1.1 (Part 1): 67-76.

Litzenberg, Karl. "Contributions of the Old Norse Language and Literature to the Style and Substance of the Writings of William Morris, 1856-76." Dissertation, University of Michigan, 1933. Chapter 3.4 The Fostering of Aslaug 229-244 [pdf]Chapter 3.5 The Lovers of Gudrun 245-275 [pdf]

Litzenberg, Karl. "Allusions to the Elder Edda in the 'Non-Norse Poems of William Morris." Scandinavian Studies 14(1935-37): 17-24.

Litzenberg, Karl. "Tyrfing into Excalibur? A Note on William Morris's Unfinished Poem, 'In Arthur's House'," Scandinavian Studies 15 (1938-39): 81-83.

Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and the Heimskringla." Scandinavian Studies 14(1935-36): 33-39.

Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and the 'Literary' Tradition." Michigan Alumnus 53(1946): 48-55.

Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and Scandinavian Liteature: A Bibliographical Essay." Scandinavian Studies 13(1933-35): 93-105.

Mauer, Oscar. "William Morris's Treatment of Greek Legend in The Earthly Paradise." Texas University Studies in English 33 (1954): 103-18.

Mauer, Oscar. "William Morris and Gesta Romanorum." Studies in Language, Literature, and Culture of the Middle Ages and Later. Ed. E. B. Atwood. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1969, 367-81.

Mauer, Oscar. "William Morris and the Laxdaela Saga." Texas Studies in Language and Literature 5(1963): 422-37.

Mauer, Oscar. "William Morris and the Poetry of Escape." Nineteenth Century Studies. Ed. H. Davies, William DeVane, and R. C. Bald. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1940, 247-76.

McGann, Jerome. "The Beauty of the Medusa." Studies in Romanticism 11.1(1972): 3-25.

Morris, May. "Narrative Poetry: The Earthly Paradise" and "Workshop Notes." William Morris: Artist, Writer, Socialist. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1936, vol. 1, 396-440.

Oberg, Charlotte, "The Role of the Hero," chapter II, A Pagan Prophet: William Morris, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1978.

---------. "Conclusion." Ibid.

Riegel, Julius. Die Quellen von William Morris' Dichtung The Earthly Paradise. Erlangen & Leipzig. A. Deichert'sche Verlagsbuchh. Nachf. (Gerog Böhme), 1890.

Silver, Carole. "The Earthly Paradise: Lost." Victorian Poetry 13.3-4 (1975): 27-42.

Strode, Elizabeth. "The Crisis of The Earthly Paradise: Morris and Keats." Victorian Poetry 13.3-4 (1975): 71-81.

Wahl, John Robert. "The Mood of Energy and the Mood of Idleness: A Note on The Earthly Paradise." English Studies in Africa 2.1 (1959): 90-97.

Love Is Enough

Boos, Florence. “'The Banners of the Spring to Be’: The Dialectical Pattern of Morris’s Later Poetry.” English Studies 81 (2000): 1-27.

Boos, Florence. "Love Is Enough as Secular Theodicy." Papers in Language and Literature 24 (1988), 53-80.

Colvin, Sidney. Review of Love Is Enough. Fortnightly Review, 1 January 1873, XIII, 147-48.

Dunlap, Benjamin. "Bear Me Witness to Love: Morris's Love is Enough." Victorians Institute Journal 2 (1973), 3-21.

Herbert, Karen. "No 'Fourth Wall': The Experience of Drama in William Morris's Love is Enough," English Studies in Canada 17.3 (1991), 301-17.

Kirchhoff, Frederick. "Love is Enough: A Crisis in William Morris' Poetic Development." Victorian Poetry 15 (1977), 297-306.

Morris, May, ed. The Collected Works of William Morris. Introduction to Vol. 9. Love Is Enough and Poems by the Way. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1911.

Simcox, G. A. Review, Academy, December 1872, vol. 3, 461-62.

Tompkins, J. M. S. William Morris: An Approach to the Poetry. London: Cecil Woolf, 1988, 202-227.

Wilson, John R. "William Morris's Love is Enough: A Parabolic Morality." Pre-Raphaelite Review 1 (1977), 16-26.

 Sigurd the Volsung

Anderson, Karl. "Scandinavian Elements in the Works of William Morris." Diss. Harvard, 1940. "Sigurd the Volsung," pp. 233-67. Also see headnote, "Manuscripts and Revisions."

Balch, Dennis, "'The Lovers of Gudrun,' Sigurd the Volsung, and The House of the Wolfings: Three Chapters in a Tale of the Individual and the Tribe," After Summer Seed: Reconsiderations of William Morris's Sigurd the Volsung, ed. John Hollow. Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania: William Morris Society in the United States, 1978. [pdf format]

Boos, Florence. “'The Banners of the Spring to Be’: The Dialectical Pattern of Morris’s Later Poetry.” English Studies 81 (2000): 1-27.

Dentith, Simon. Epic and Empire in Nineteenth-Century Britain. Cambridge UP, pp. 71-83.

Dentith, Simon. Morris, ''The Great Story of the North,' and the Barbaric Past." Journal of Victorian Culture 14.2 (2009).

Ennis, Jane, "The Role of Grimhild in Sigurd the Volsung,"JWMS 8.3 (Autumn 1989): 13-23.

Ennis, Jane, "Imagery of Gold in Sigurd the Volsung,"JWMS 11.4 (Spring 1996): 20-26.

Hollow, John. "Introduction: Sinfiotli," After Summer Seed: Reconsiderations of William Morris's Sigurd the Volsung, ed. John Hollow. Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania: William Morris Society in the United States, 1978, 2-12.

Kierstead, Victorian Poetry, Europe, and the Challenge of Cosmopolitanism. Ohio State University Press, 2011, 143-177. [pdf] Chapter 6: "Affinity vs. Isolation: Cosmopolitanism and the Racial Dynamics of Morris's Europe."

Leiblein, Emil. Prinzipien und Andwendung des Stabreims in W. Morris' "Sigurd the Volsung." Amorbach: Gottlob Volkhardsche Druckerei, 1913. [pdf]

Litzenberg, Karl. "Contributions of the Old Norse Language and Literature to the Style and Substance of the Writings of William Morris, 1856-76."Diss., University of Michigan, 1933. - Scan of accessible pdf files.Also Chapter 3.6 Sigurd the Volsung 276-326[pdf]

Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and Scandinavian Literature: A Bibiographical Essay." Scandinavian Studies and Notes, January 1, 1933, 93-105.

Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and the Heimskringla." Scandinavian Studies and Notes 14.3 (1936), 33-39.

Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and the 'Literary' Tradition." Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review 53 (1946), 48-55.

Lowe, Luella, "William Morris' Mythological Adaptations in Sigurd the Volsung," M.A. Thesis University of Iowa, 1941.

Meredith, Emily, "Iceland and William Morris: In Search of the Whole," After Summer Seed: Reconsiderations of William Morris's Sigurd the Volsung, Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania: William Morris Society in the United States, 1977, 71-87.

Morris, May, intro. The Collected Works of William Morris. Vol. 12. London: Longmans, 1911.

Spatt, Hartley, "Morrissaga: Sigurd the Volsung,"After Summer Seed: Reconsiderations of William Morris's Sigurd the Volsung, ed. John Hollow. Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania: William Morris Society in the United States, 1977. [pdf format]

Silver, Carole, The Romance of William Morris, Ohio University Press, 1982, 111-119.

Ugolnik, Anthony. "The Victorian Skald: Old Icelandic and the Evolution of William Morris' Sigurd the Volsung," After Summer Seed: Reconsiderations of William Morris's Sigurd the Volsung, ed. John Hollow. Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania: William Morris Society in the United States, 1978. [pdf format]

Tucker, Herbert, "All for the Tale: The Epic Macropoetics of Morris' Sigurd the Volsung," Victorian Poetry 34.3 (1996): 373-394. 

Poems by the Way

Anderson, Karl. "The Culmination of Morris's Interest in the North: 1871-1876," chap. 2, "Scandinavian Elements in the Works of William Morris." Diss., Harvard, 1970. [chapter on Morris's ballad translations, pp. 146-232]

Boos, Florence. “'The Banners of the Spring to Be’: The Dialectical Pattern of Morris’s Later Poetry.” English Studies 81 (2000): 1-27.

Boos, Florence. "Narrative Design in The Pilgrims of Hope." Socialism and the Literary Artistry of William Morris, edited Florence Boos and Carole Silver. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1990.

de Vega, Sean. Introduction to "Los Peregrino de la Esperanza: A Bilingual English-Spanish Edition of William Morris' The Pilgrims of Hope." M. A. Thesis, University of Iowa, 2006. [pdf]

Ellison, R. C. "An Unpublished Poem by William Morris." English 15 (1964): 100-102.

Elton, Oliver, review, Academy. February 1892, vol. 41, 197.

Faulkner, Peter. "The Male as Lover, Fool and Hero: 'Goldilocks' and the Late Prose Romances." Victorian Poetry 34.3 (1996): 413-24.

Garnett, Richard, review, Illustrated London News, January 9th, 1892. [pdf]

Goodwin, Kenneth. "The Summation of a Poetic Career: Poems by the Way," Victorian Poetry 34.3 (1996): 397-410.

Holzman, Michael, "Propaganda, Passion, and Literary Art in William Morris's The Pilgrims of Hope," Texas Studies in Literature and Language 24.4 (Winter 1982), 372-93.

Latham, David, ed. and intro. Poems by the Way, Bristol: Thoemmes Press, 1994.[.pdf]

Salmon, Nicholas. "The Communist Poet-Laureate: William Morris's Chants for Socialists." Nicholas Salmon, JWMS 14.3 (Winter 2001): 31-40. [.pdf]

Salmon, Nicholas. "The Serialisation of The Pilgrims of Hope." Nicholas Salmon, JWMS 12.2 (Spring 1997): 14-25. [.pdf]

Waters, Chris. "Morris's Chants and the Problem of Socialist Culture." Socialism and the Literary Artistry of William Morris, edited Florence Boos and Carole Silver. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1990.

Pilgrims of Hope

Boos, Florence. "Narrative Design in The Pilgrims of Hope." Socialism and the Literary Artistry of William Morris, edited Florence Boos and Carole Silver. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1990.

de Vega, Sean. Introduction to "Los Peregrino de la Esperanza: A Bilingual English-Spanish Edition of William Morris' The Pilgrims of Hope." M. A. Thesis, University of Iowa, 2006. [pdf]

Holzman, Michael, "Propaganda, Passion, and Literary Art in William Morris's The Pilgrims of Hope," Texas Studies in Literature and Language 24.4 (Winter 1982), 372-93.

The House of the Wolfings

Boos, Florence. “Morris’s German Romances as Socialist History,” Victorian Studies 27.3 (Spring, 1984):
321-42.

Hewlett, Henry, review, Nineteenth Century, August 1889, 26, 337-41.

Mathews, Richard. "Introduction," A Tale of the House of the Wolfings and all the Kindreds of the Mark. North Hollywood, Calif.: Newcastle, 1978.

May Morris's Remarks on the Prose Romances, especially The House of the Wolfings and The Roots of the Mountains, May Morris, William Morris: Artist, Writer, Socialist, Oxford: Blackwells, 1936, 509-16. [pdf]

Oberg, Charlotte. "The Uses of History," in A Pagan Prophet: William Morris, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1978.

Salmon, Nicholas. "A Study in Victorian Historiography: William Morris's Germanic Romances." JWMS 14.2 (Spring 2001): 59-89.

Unsigned review. Atlantic Monthly, June 1890, 65, 851-54.

The Roots of the Mountains

Hansen, Regina. "Forms of Friendship in The Roots of the Mountains." JWMS 11.3 (Autumn 1995): 19-21.

Boos, Florence. “Morris’s German Romances as Socialist History,” Victorian Studies 27.3 (Spring, 1984):
321-42.

Mathews, Richard. "William Morris's Roots: History into Metaphor." Cahiers Victoriens et Edouardiens 16 (1982), 69-76.

Morris, May. Remarks on the Prose Romances, especially The House of the Wolfings and The Roots of the Mountains, May Morris, William Morris: Artist, Writer, Socialist, Oxford: Blackwells, 1936, 509-16. [pdf]

Shippey, T. A. "'Goths and Huns: The Rediscovery of the Northern Cultures in the Nineteenth Century," in The Medieval Legacy: A Symposium, ed. Andreas Haarder, et al. Odense: Odense Unversity Press, 1982, 51-69.

A Dream of John Ball

Boos, Florence. "History as Fellowship in Morris's Literary Writings." William Morris Today, 1981.

Boos, Florence. “Victorian Alternative Futures: ‘Historicism,’ Past and Present, and A Dream of John Ball,” in History and Community: Essays in Victorian Medievalism, ed. Florence Boos. New York: Garland Publishing Inc., 1992, 3-37.

Faulkner, Peter. William Morris and the Idea of England. London: William Morris Society, 1992.

Hilton, Rodney. The Change Beyond the Change: A Dream of John Ball. William Morris Society, 1990.

Holzman, Michael. "The Encouragement and Warning of History: William Morris's A Dream of John Ball." Socialism and the Literary Artistry of William Morris, eds. Florence Boos and Carole Silver. Columbia, Missouri: U Missouri Press, 1990, 98-116.

Kegel, Charles H. "William Morris's A Dream of John Ball: A Study in Reactionary Liberalism." Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters: 1954, 40, part 4 (1955), 303-312. (pdf)

Kocmanova, Jessie. "Two Uses of the Dream-Form as a Means of Confronting the Present with the National Past: William Morris and Svatopluk Cech." Brno Studies in English 2 (1960), 113-48.

Miller, Elizabeth Carolyn. "No News Is Good News: William Morris's Utopian Print: Orality and Print Culture," in News from Nowhere and A Dream of John Ball," Slow Print: Literary Radicalism and Late Victorian Print Culture. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2013, 58-67.

Oberg, Charlotte. Chapter VII, "The Uses of History," A Pagan Prophet: William Morris. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1978.

Salmon, Nicholas. "A Reassessment of A Dream of John Ball." JWMS 14.2 (Spring 2001): 29-38 [PDF].

Salmon, Nicholas. "The Revision of A Dream of John Ball." JWMS 10.2 (Spring 1993): 15-17 [PDF].

Timo, Helen. "'A Not So Golden Age': The Genesis of Morris's A King's Lesson."JWMS 7.4 (Spring 1988): 16-18 [PDF].

News from Nowhere

Boos, Florence et alia, An illustrated on-line edition of News from Nowhere

From the Journal of William Morris Studies:

Baker, Lesley A. "An Old House Amongst New Folk." JWMS 8.4 (Spring 1990): 24-27.

Coleman, Roger. "Design and Technology in Nowhere." JWMS 9.2 (Spring 1991): 28-39.

Delveaux, Martin. "From Pastoral Arcadia to Stable-State Mini-Cities: Morris's News from Nowhere and Callenbach's Ecotopia." JWMS 14.1 (Autumn 2000): 75-81.

Ebbatson, J. R. "Visions of Wild England: William Morris and Richard Jefferies." JWMS 3.3 (Spring 1977): 12-29.

Faulkner, Peter. "News from Nowhere in Recent Criticism." JWMS 5.3 (Summer 1983): 2-7.

Fellman, Michael. "Bloody Sunday and News from Nowhere." JWMS 8.4 (Spring 1990): 9-18.

Gagnier, Regina. "Morris's Ethics, Cosmopolitanism, and Globalisation." Regenia Gagnier, JWMS 16/23 (2005): 9-30.

Gilbert, Nathaniel. "The Landscape of Resistance in Morris's News from Nowhere."JWMS 16/23 (2005): 22-37.

Highfill, Jannett. "International Trade in News from Nowhere." JWMS 12.2 (Spring 1997): 31-35.

Holm, Jan. "The Old Grumbler At Runnymede."JWMS 10.2 (Spring 1993): 17-21.

Jacobs, Naomi. "Beauty and the Body in News from Nowhere." JWMS 12.2 (Spring 1997): 26-30.

Macdonald, Alex. "The Liveliness of News from Nowhere: Structure, Language and Allusion." JWMS 10.2 (Spring 1993): 22-26.

Macdonald, Alex. "The Revision of News from Nowhere." JWMS 3.2 (Summer 1976): 8-15.

Maloney, Kathleen. "Studying the Past, Envisioning the Future: Teaching History via William Morris's News from Nowhere." JWMS 17.2 (Summer 2007): 41-53.

Marsh, Jan. "News from Nowhere as Erotic Dream." JWMS 8.4 (Spring 1990): 19-23.

McKinstry, Susan Jaret. "Taking Our Eyes Out of Our Pockets: Teaching William Morris's Ideal Book." JWMS 17.2 (Summer 2007): 89-98.

Miles, Rosie. "Teaching Morris Online."JWMS 17.2 (Summer 2007): 54-72.

Miller, Elizabeth Carolyn. "Collections and Collectivity: William Morris in the Rare Book Room." JWMS 17.2 (Summer 2007): 73-88.

Mineo, Ady. "Eros Unbound: Sexual Identities in News from Nowhere." JWMS 9.4 (Spring 1992): 8-14.

Nichols, Ashton. "Liberationist Sexuality and Nonviolent Resistance: The Legacy of Blake and Shelley in Morris's News from Nowhere." JWMS 10.4 (Spring 1994): 20-27.

Pinkney, Tony. "Cycling in Nowhere."JWMS 13. 2 (Spring 1999): 28-33.

Pinkney, Tony. "Kinetic Utopias: H. G. Wells's A Modern Utopia and William Morris's News from Nowhere." Tony Pinkney, JWMS 16/23 (2005): 49-55.

David Latham. "Hope and Change: Teaching News from Nowhere." JWMS 17.2 (Summer 2007): 6-23.

 Vervaecke, Philippe. "Teaching News from Nowhere in France for the CAPES and the Agrégation in English Studies, 2004-2006." JWMS 17.2 (Summer 2007): 24-40.

Other Articles:

Boos, Florence S. "News From Nowhere and 'Garden Cities': Morris's Utopia and Nineteenth-Century Town-Design." Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies n. s. 7.2 (Fall 1998): 5-27.

Boos, Florence S. "An (Almost) Egalitarian Sage: William Morris and Nineteenth-Century Socialist-Feminism." Victorian Sages and Cultural Discourse: Regnegotiating Gender and Power, ed. Thais E. Morgan, New Brunswick and London: Rutgers University Press, 1990.

Boos, Florence S. "The Ideal of Everyday Life in William Morris' News from Nowhere." The Literary Utopias of Cultural Communities, 1790-1910. (DQR Studies in Literature, vol. 46, 2010): 141-170.

Boos, Florence S. and William Boos. "News from Nowhere and Victorian Socialist Feminism." Nineteenth-Century Contexts 14.1 (1990): 3-32.

Boos, Florence and William Boos. "Orwell's Morris and 'Old Major's' Dream," English Studies 71.4 (1990), 361-71.

Boos, Florence and William. "The Utopian Communism of William Morris." History of Political Thoguht 7.3 (1986): 489-510.

Boos, Florence S. "Personal and Political Lieux d'Anticipation in News from Nowhere." William Morris, News from Nowhere, Ouvrage Collectif Coordonné par Béatrice Laurent (Editions du Temps: Nantes, 2004): 93-107.

Carré, Jacques. "Architecture, Utopia and History in Morris's Thought [PDF]." Morris Day, January 2005, Universite Paris 13, Jacques Carré (Université Paris IV-Sorbonne).

Donaldson, Laura. "Boffin in Paradise, or the Artistry of Reversal in News from Nowhere." Socialism and the Literary Artistry of William Morris. Eds. Florence S. Boos and Carole G. Silver. (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1990): 26-60.

Holzman, Michael. "Anarchism and Utopia: William Morris's News from Nowhere." ELH, Vol. 51, No. 3 (Autumn, 1984), pp. 589-603

Johnson, Lionel. Review, Academy, 23 May, 1891, xxxix, 483-84.

Kelvin, Norman, "The Erotic in News from Nowhere and The Well at World's End." Studies in the late romances of William Morris: Papers presented at the annual meeting of the Modern Language Association, December 1975. New York: William Morris Society (1976).

Lloyd, Trevor. "The Politics of William Morris's News from Nowhere." Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies, Vol. 9, No. 3 (Autumn, 1977), pp. 273-28

MacDonald, Alexander. "Bellamy, Morris, and the Great Victorian Debate." Socialism and the Literary Artistry of William Morris. Eds. Florence S. Boos and Carole G. Silver. (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1990): 74-87.

Marsh, Jan. "Concerning Love: News From Nowhere and Gender." William Morris & News from Nowhere: A Vision for Our Time. Eds. Stephen Coleman and Paddy O'Sullivan. (Bideford, Devon: Green Books, 1990): 107-125.

Miller, Elizabeth Carolyn. "No News is Good News," from Slow Print: Literary Radicalism and Print Culture. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2013. [pdf].

Sargent, Lyman Tower. "William Morris and the Anarchist Tradition." Socialism and the Literary Artistry of William Morris. Eds. Florence S. Boos and Carole G. Silver. (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1990): 61-73.

Talbot, Norman. "A Guest in the Future: News from Nowhere." Socialism and the Literary Artistry of William Morris. Eds. Florence S. Boos and Carole G. Silver. (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1990): 38-60.

Trouvé-Finding, Susan. "Real and Imaginary Topography in News from Nowhere [PDF]." Morris Day, 8 January 2005, Université Paris 13, Susan Trouvé-Finding, Université de Poitiers

Watkinson, Ray. "The Obstinate Refusers: Work in News From Nowhere." William Morris & News from Nowhere: A Vision for Our Time. Eds. Stephen Coleman and Paddy O’Sullivan. (Bideford, Devon: Green Books, 1990): 91-106.

The Glittering Plain

Dewan, Pauline. "Circular Designs in Morris's The Story of the Glittering Plain." JWMS 12.4 (Spring 1998): 15-20.

Oberg, Charlotte. Chapter VII, "The Quester Triumphant: Man and Earth Made New," in A Pagan Prophet: William Morris, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1978.

Seaman, Graham. Introduction to The Glittering Plain. Marxists.org, 2003.

Talbot, Norman. "The First Modern 'Secondary World' Fantasy: Morris's Craftsmanship in The Story of The Glittering Plain." JWMS 13. 2 (Spring 1999): 3-11.

Talbot, Norman, ed. and intro. The Story of the Glittering Plain and Child Christopher. Bristol: Thoemmes Press, 1996.

Valentine, K. B. "Motifs from Nature in the Design Work and Prose Romances of William Morris (1876-1896)," Victorian Poetry 13.3-4 (1975): 83-89.

The Wood Beyond the World

Calhoun, B., & Modern Language Association of America. Studies in the late romances of William Morris: Papers presented at the annual meeting of the Modern Language Association, December 1975,New York: William Morris Society (1976).

Calhoun, Blue, “`The Little Land of Abundance’: Pastoral Perspective in the Late Romances of William Morris,” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Cooper, Jane S. "The Iceland Journeys and the Late Romances." JWMS 5.4 (Winter 1983-84): 40-59.

Dodds, Andrew. "A Structural Approach to The Wood Beyond the World."JWMS 7.2 (Spring 1987): 26-28.

Faulkner, Peter. "The Male as Lover, Fool and Hero: 'Goldilocks' and the Late Prose Romances." Victorian Poetry 34.3 (1996): 413-24.

Hollow, John. “Deliberate Happiness: The Late Prose Romances of William Morris,” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Kirchhoff, Frederick, “Introduction.” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Mathews, Richard. Worlds Beyond the World: The Fantastic Vision of William Morris. San Bernardino, Calif: Borgo Press, 1978. [pdf]

Mendelson, Michael. "Opening Moves: The Entry into the Other World," Extrapolation 25 (1984): 171-79.

Newman, Hilary. "The Influence of De La Motte Fouqué's Sintram and His Companions on William Morris's The Wood Beyond the World." JWMS 14.2 (2001): 47-53.

Newman, Hilary. "Water in William Morris's Late Prose Romances." JWMS 13.4 (Spring 2000): 41-47.

Oberg, Charlotte, “Motif and Theme in the Late Prose Romances of William Morris,” in Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris, with an introduction by Frederick Kirchhoff, New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Silver, Carole. “Myth and Ritual in the Last Romances of William Morris.” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Shippey, Tom. Introduction, The Wood Beyond the World. Oxford: OUP, 1980, v-xix.

Watts, Theodore. Unsigned review. Athenaeum, 2 March 1895, no. 3514, 273-74.

The Well at the World's End

Birch, Dinah. "Morris and Myth: A Romantic Heritage."JWMS 7.1 (Autumn 1986): 5-11.

Boos, Florence. “Gender Division and Political Allegory in The Last Romances of William Morris.” Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies I.2 (1992): 12-23.

Calhoun, B., & Modern Language Association of America. Studies in the late romances of William Morris: Papers presented at the annual meeting of the Modern Language Association, December 1975,New York: William Morris Society (1976).

Calhoun, Blue, “`The Little Land of Abundance’: Pastoral Perspective in the Late Romances of William Morris,” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Cooper, Jane S. "The Iceland Journeys and the Late Romances." JWMS 5.4 (Winter 1983-84): 40-59.

Hodgson, Amanda. "The Last Romances," The Romances of William Morris, Cambridge University Press, 1987, 164-69; also186-197.

Hollow, John. “Deliberate Happiness: The Late Prose Romances of William Morris,” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Kelvin, Norman. “The Erotic in News from Nowhere and The Well at the World’s End,Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Kelvin, Norman, "The Erotic in News from Nowhere and The Well at World's End." Studies in the late romances of William Morris: Papers presented at the annual meeting of the Modern Language Association, December 1975. New York: William Morris Society (1976).

Kirchhoff, Frederick, “Introduction.” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Newman, Hilary. "Water in William Morris's Late Prose Romances."JWMS 13.4 (Spring 2000): 41-47.

Oberg, Charlotte, “Motif and Theme in the Late Prose Romances of William Morris,” in Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris, with an introduction by Frederick Kirchhoff, New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Silver, Carole. “Myth and Ritual in the Last Romances of William Morris.” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Swinburne, A. C., review, Nineteenth Century, November 1896, xl, 759-60.

Wells, H. G., review, Saturday Review, 17 October 1896, lxxxii, 413-15.

Yeats, W. B., review, Bookman, November 1896, x, 37-38.

The Water of the Wondrous Isles

Bennett, Phillippa. "Rediscovering the Topography of Wonder: Morris, Iceland, and the Late Romances."JWMS 16.2-3 (2005): 38-48.

Boos, Florence. “The Socialist New Woman in William Morris’s The Water of the Wondrous Isles,” Victorian Literature and Culture, Vol. 23(1995): 159-75.

Boos, Florence. “Gender Division and Political Allegory in The Last Romances of William Morris.” Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies I.2 (1992): 12-23.

Calhoun, B., & Modern Language Association of America. Studies in the late romances of William Morris: Papers presented at the annual meeting of the Modern Language Association, December 1975,New York: William Morris Society (1976).

Calhoun, Blue, “`The Little Land of Abundance’: Pastoral Perspective in the Late Romances of William Morris,” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Cooper, Jane S. "The Iceland Journeys and the Late Romances."JWMS 5.4 (Winter 1983-84): 40-59.

Gopen, George D. "The Music of the Mind: Structure and Substance in William Morris's The Water of the Wondrous Isles." JWMS 16/23 (2005): 92-102.

Hollow, John. “Deliberate Happiness: The Late Prose Romances of William Morris,” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Kirchhoff, Frederick, “Introduction.” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Kelvin, Norman. “The Erotic in News from Nowhere and The Well at the World’s End,Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

May Morris's Remarks on the Prose Romances, May Morris, William Morris: Artist, Writer, Socialist, Oxford: Blackwells, 1936. [pdf]

Newman, Hilary. "Water in William Morris's Late Prose Romances." JWMS 13.4 (Spring 2000): 41-47.

Oberg, Charlotte, “Motif and Theme in the Late Prose Romances of William Morris,” in Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris, with an introduction by Frederick Kirchhoff, New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Silver, Carole. “Myth and Ritual in the Last Romances of William Morris.” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.

Silver, Carole. "Socialism Internalized: The Last Romances of William Morris." Socialism and the Literary Artistry of William Morris, edited Florence Boos and Carole Silver. Columbia,
Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1990.

Spatt, Hartley. "William Morris's Late Romances: The Struggle Against Closure." History and Community: Essays in Victorian Medievalism. Garland Publishing, Inc.: New York & London, 1992, 109-135.

Talbot, Norman, ed. and intro. The Water of the Wondrous Isles. Bristol: Thoemmes Press, 1994.

Talbot, Norman, "'Whilom, as tells the tale': The Language of the Prose Romances." JWMS 8 (1989): 16-25.

Watts, Theodore. Unsigned review. Athenaeum, December 1897, no. 3658, 777-79.

The Sundering Flood

Boos, Florence. “Gender Division and Political Allegory in The Last Romances of William Morris.” Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies I.2 (1992): 12-23.

Calhoun, B., & Modern Language Association of America. Studies in the late romances of William Morris: Papers presented at the annual meeting of the Modern Language Association, December 1975,New York: William Morris Society (1976).

Calhoun, Blue, “`The Little Land of Abundance’: Pastoral Perspective in the Late Romances of William Morris,” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.
Cooper, Jane S. "The Iceland Journeys and the Late Romances." JWMS 5.4 (Winter 1983-84): 40-59.
Hollow, John. “Deliberate Happiness: The Late Prose Romances of William Morris,” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.
Kelvin, Norman. “The Erotic in News from Nowhere and The Well at the World’s End,Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.
Kirchhoff, Frederick, “Introduction.” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.
Oberg, Charlotte, “Motif and Theme in the Late Prose Romances of William Morris,” in Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris, with an introduction by Frederick Kirchhoff, New York: William Morris Society, 1976.
Purkis, John. "Morris and Traditional Storytelling."JWMS 11.1 (Autumn 1994): 16-18.
Silver, Carole. “Myth and Ritual in the Last Romances of William Morris.” Studies in the Late Romances of William Morris,  New York: William Morris Society, 1976.
Timo, Helen. "'An Icelandic Tale Re-Told': William Morris's Sundering Flood." JWMS 7.1 (Autumn 1986): 12-16.

 Icelandic Diaries

Aho, Gary. "Following in the Footsteps of William Morris." Atlantica and Iceland Review 20 (Winter 1982), 84-93.

Aho, Gary. “`Međ Island á heilanum’: Islandsbæekur breskra ferđalanga 1772 til 1897,” Skírnir, 167 (1993), 205-258.

English version: "Iceland on the Brain: British Travellers to Iceland from 1172 to 1897."

Aho, Gary, Intro. Three Northern Love Stories and Other Tales. Bristol: Thoemmes Press, 1996.

Aho, Gary. "William Morris and Iceland." Kairos 1, no. 2(1982), 102-33.

Bartels, Dennis. "William Morris and Iceland's Hydrogen Economy."JWMS 15.3 (2003): 34-35.

Cooper, Jane S. "The Iceland Journeys and the Late Romances." JWMS 5.4 (Winter 1983-84): 40-59.

Gíslason, Örn, "With May Morris in Iceland." William Morris Society Newsletter-US, January 2014.

Jonsdottir, Gudrun. "May Morris and Miss Lobb in Iceland." JWMS 7.1 (Autumn 1986): 17-20.

Madsen, St. Tschudi. "Morris and Munthe."Journal of William Morris Studies 1.4(1964): 34-40.

Meredith, Emily, "Iceland and William Morris: In Search of the Whole," After Summer Seed: Reconsiderations of William Morris's Sigurd the Volsung, Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania: William Morris Society in the United States, 1977.

Preston, Peter. "'The North Begins Inside': Morris and Trollope in Iceland."JWMS 14.2 (Spring 2001): 8-28.

Wiens, Pamela Bracken. "Fire and Ice: Clashing Visions of Iceland in the Travel Narratives of Morris and Burton." JWMS 11.4 (Spring 1996): 12-18.

Wawn, Andrew. "William Morris and the Translation of Iceland," in Shirley Chew and Alistair Stead (eds), Translating Life: Studies in Transpositional Aesthetics (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1999), 253-76.

The Tables Turned

Translations: Old French

Faulkner, Peter. "Morris and Old French." JWMS 15.1 (Winter 2002): 43-50.  This article provides a clear introduction to the Romances.

Jacobs,  Joseph. Introduction to Old French Romances. Done into English by William Morris.  London: George Allen & Co., 1896; 1914, pp. v-xi. [pdf]

Beowulf

Hulme, W.H., Review, Beowulf, Modern Languages Notes, 15.1 (January 1900): 22-26.

Tilling, P[hilip] M., "William Morris' Translation of Beowulf: Studies in His Vocabulary." Studies in English Literature and Early Literature in Honor of Paul Christophersen. Ed. P. M. Tilling. New University of Ulster, 1981, 163-75.

Watts, Theodore. Rev. Beowulf. Athenaeum, 10 August, 1895, 181-82. Reprinted William Morris: The Critical Heritage. Ed. Peter Faulkner. London: Routledge, 1973, 385-87.

Odyssey

Buchhorn, Wilhelm. William Morris' Odyssee-Übersetzung. Königsberg, 1910.

Morshead, E. D. A., two reviews, Academy, April 1887, xxxi, 299 and March 1888, xxxiii, 143-4. [pdf]

Wilde, Oscar, unsigned reviews, Pall Mall Magazine, 26 April 1887, xlv, 5 and 24 November 1888, xlvi, 3. [pdf]

De Vega, Sean. "Archaisms and Compounds in Book 6 of Morris's Translation of the Odyssey" [pdf]

Virgil

Cox Brinton, Anna. A Pre-Raphaelite Aeneid of Virgil in the Collection of Mrs. Edward Laurence Doheny of Los Angeles: Being an Essay in Honor of the William Morris Centenary, 1934. Privately printed, Los Angeles, 1934.

Morris, May. Remarks on the Prose Romances, in William Morris: Artist, Writer, Socialist, Oxford: Blackwells, 1936. [pdf]

Nettleship, Henry, review, Academy, November 1875, x, 493-4. [pdf]

Unsigned Review, Athenaeum, 13 November 1875, no. 2507, 635-7. [pdf]

The Iliad

The Iliad--link to edition by William Whitla, Journal of Pre-Raphaelite Studies 1974

 Old Icelandic

Anderson, Karl. "Scandinavian Elements in the Works of William Morris."
Diss., Harvard University, 1940.
~ Scan of accessible pdf files.

Barribeau, James Leigh. "William Morris and Saga-Translation: 'The Story of Magnus the Son of Erling'," The Vikings, ed. R. T. Farrell, London: Phillimore, 1982. [pdf]Durren

Durrenberger, Paul and Dorothy Durrenberger. The Saga of Gunnlaugur Snake's Tongue, with an Essay on the Structure and Translation of the Poems. London: Associated University Presses, 1992.

Litzenberg, Karl. "Contributions of the Old Norse Language and Literature to the Style and Substance of the Writings of William Morris, 1856-76."Diss., University of Michigan, 1933. - Scan of accessible pdf files.

Part I: THE MATERIALS FOR STUDY

Chapter 1.1: Classification of Documents 1-19 [pdf]

Chapter 1.2 History of William Morris's Old Norse Study 20-58 [pdf]

Chapter 1.3: Morris's Appreciation and Criticism of Old Norse Literature 59-88 [pdf]

Part II: CONTRIBUTIONS OF OLD NORSE LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE TO MORRIS"S STYLE

Chapter 2.1: The Language of Translation 89-167 [pdf]

Chapter 2.2 Old Norse Allusions in the Poems 168--197 [pdf]

Part III: CONTRIBUTIONS OF OLD NORSE LITERATURE TO THE SUBSTANCE OF MORRIS'S POETRY

Chapter 3.1 Introduction 198-201 [pdf]

Chapter 3.2 Tthe Wooing of Hallbiorn the Strong 202-209 [pdf]

Chapter 3.3 The Wooing of Swanhild 210-228 [pdf]

Chapter 3.4 The Fostering of Aslaug 229-244 [pdf]

Chapter 3.5 The Lovers of Gudrun 245-275 [pdf]

Chapter 3.6 Sigurd the Volsung 276-326

Part IV: CONCLUSIONS 327-344 [pdf]

APPENDICES

A. Morris's Scandinavian Library 345-354 [pdf]

B. The Scansion of Morris's Eddic Translations 355-382 [pdf]

BIBLIOGRAPHY 389-400 [pdf]

Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and Scandinavian Literature: A Bibiographical Essay." Scandinavian Studies and Notes, January 1, 1933, 93-105.

Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and the Heimskringla." Scandinavian Studies and Notes 14.3 (1936), 33-39.

Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and the 'Literary' Tradition." Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review 53 (1946), 48-55.

Morris, William. "The Early Literature of the North--Iceland," The Unpublished Lectures of William Morris. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1969.

Swannell, J. N. William Morris and Old Norse Literature. London: William Morris Society, 1961. [pdf]

Icelandic-related Materials: Criticism, Icelandic Diaries

Barribeau, James Leigh. "William Morris and Saga-Translation: 'The Story of Magnus the Son of Erling'," The Vikings, ed. R. T. Farrell, London: Phillimore, 1982. [pdf]

Durrenberger, E. Paul and Dorothy Durrenberger. The Saga of Gunnlaugs Snake-Tongue, with an Essay on the Structure and Translation of the Poem. London: Associated University Presses, 1992.

Einarsson, Stefan. "Eirikr Magnusson and His Saga Translations." Scandinavian Studies 13(1933-35), 17-32.

Ellison, Ruth C. "'The Undying Glory of Dreams': William Morris and 'The Northland of Old,'" Victorian Poetry, ed. M. Bradbury and D. Palmer. London: E. Arnold, 1972, 138-75.

Glauser, Jürg. "The End of the Saga: Text, Tradition and Transmission in Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Iceland." Northern Antiquity: The Post-Medieval Reception of Edda and Saga, ed. Andrew Wawn. Middlesex: Hisarlik Press, 1994, 101-42.

Harris, Richard. "William Morris, Eirikr Magnusson and Iceland: A Survey of Correspondence," Victorian Poetry 13 (1975), 119-30.

Litzenberg, Karl. "The Diction of William Morris." Archive for Nordisk Fiologi 53 (1937), 327-63.

Powell, George E. J. and Eirikr Magnusson, trans., Icelandic Legends. Collected by Jon Arnason. London: Bentley, 1864; 2nd series: Longman and Green, 1866.

Quirk, Randolph. "Dasent, William Morris, and Problems of Translation." Saga Book 14 (1953), 64-77.

Swannell, J. N. "William Morris as an Interpreter of Old Norse," Saga Book 15 (1961), 365-82.

Wawn, Andrew. "The Cult of 'Stalwart Frith-thjof' in Victorian Britain," Northern Antiquity: The Post Medieval Reception of Edda and Saga. Middlesex: Hisarlike Press, 1994, 211-54.

Wawn, Andrew. "The Cult of 'Stalwart Frith-thjof' in Victorian Britain," Northern Antiquity: The Post Medieval Reception of Edda and Saga. Middlesex: Hisarlike Press, 1994, 211-54.

Wawn, Andrew. "The Spirit of 1892: Sagas, Saga-Steads and Victorian Philology." Saga Book 23 (1993), 213-52.

Wawn, Andrew. "William Morris and the Translation of Iceland," in Shirley Chew and Alistair Stead (eds), Translating Life: Studies in Transpositional Aesthetics (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1999), 253-76.

The Story of the Volsungs and the Niblungs

Anonymous review, Athenæum. 11 June 1870, no.2224, 763-64.

Anonymous reviewer. Old and New, July-December 1870, 364-67.[pdf]

Kennedy, John. "English Translations of the Volsunga Saga." In Northern Antiquity: The Post Medieval Reception of Edda and Saga," ed. Andrew Wawn. Middlesex: Hisarlik Press, 1994, 285-304.

Morris, William, Letter to Charles Norton, 21 December, 1869; to Algernon Swinburne, 21 December, 1869, from Norman Kelvin, ed., The Collected Letters of William Morris, vol. 1, 1984.[pdf]

Ugolnik, Anthony. "The Victorian Skald: Old Icelandic and the Evolution of William Morris' Sigurd the Volsung," After Summer Seed: Reconsiderations of William Morris's Sigurd the Volsung, Shiremanstown, Pennsylvania: William Morris Society in the United States, 1977. [pdf]

Anderson, Karl. From Chapter 1, "The Beginning of Morris's Interest in the History and Literature of Early Scandinavia: 1834-1870," "Scandinavian Elements in the Works of William Morris." Diss. Harvard, 1940. "The Volsunga Saga," pp. 110-19.

Anonymous review, Athenæum. 11 June 1870, no.2224, 763-64.

Anonymous reviewer. Old and New, July-December 1870, 364-67.[pdf]

The Story of Grettir the Strong

Supplementary: May Morris, introduction to Collected Works, Vol. VII, Grettir the Strong

Anderson, Karl. "Scandinavian Elements in the Works of William Morris." Diss. Harvard, 1940. Grettissaga, pp. 926-941.

The Saga Library

Anderson, Karl. "Scandinavian Elements in the Works of William Morris." Diss., Harvard University, 1940. ~ Scan of accessible pdf files. Discusses the Saga Library 350-65 and 885-91; Howard the Halt, 977-91; and Eyrbyggja Saga 867-84, 885-925, and 949-55.

Barribeau, James Leigh. "William Morris and Saga-Translation: ''The Story of Magnus the Son of Erling'," The Vikings, ed. R. T. Farrell, London: Phillimore, 1982; Cornell: Cornell University Press, 1983. [pdf]

Litzenberg, Karl. "Contributions of the Old Norse Language and Literature to the Style and Substance of the Writings of William Morris, 1856-76."Diss., University of Michigan, 1933. - Scan of accessible pdf files.

Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and Scandinavian Literature: A Bibiographical Essay." Scandinavian Studies and Notes, January 1, 1933, 93-105.

Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and the Heimskringla." Scandinavian Studies and Notes 14.3 (1936), 33-39.

Litzenberg, Karl. "William Morris and the 'Literary' Tradition." Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review 53 (1946), 48-55.

Morris, William. "The Early Literature of the North--Iceland," The Unpublished Lectures of William Morris. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1969.

Simpson, John M. "Eyrbyggja Saga and Nineteenth Century Scholarship." Proceedings of the First Internaitonal Saga Conference, Edinburgh, 1971. London: Viking Society, 1973, 360-94.

Eyrbyggja Saga

Einarsson, Stefan. "Eirikr Magnusson and His Saga Translations." Scandinavain Studies 13 (1933-35), 17-32.

Hollander, Lee M., "The Structure of Eyrbyggja Saga." The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, vol. 58, no.2, (April 1959), 222-2. [pdf]

McCreesh, Bernadine, "Structural Patterns in the Eyrbyggja Saga and Other Sagas of the Conversion." Medieval Scaninavia, vol. 11, (1978-79), 271-80.

McTurk, Rory. "Approaches to the Structure of Eyrbyggja Saga," in Sagnaskemmtun: Studies in Honor of Herman Palsson, ed. Rudolf Simek et al., Vienna: Hermann Bohlaus Nachf., 1986.

Palsson, Hermann and Paul Edwards. Intro. Eyrbyggja Saga, translated with an introduction. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1989.

Simpson, John M. "Eyrbyggja Saga and Nineteenth Century Scholarship." Proceedings of the First Internaitonal Saga Conference, Edinburgh, 1971. London: Viking Society, 1973, 360-94.

The Book Arts

Boos, Florence. "The Critique of the Empty Page: Kelmscott Press and William Morris's Theories of Book Design." William Morris and Everyday Life, ed. Wendy Parkins, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholar Press, 2010, 65-85.
Braesel, Michaela. "The Influence of Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts on the Pre-Raphaelites and the Early Poetry of William Morris." JWMS 15.4 (Summer 2004): 41-54.
Buxton Forman, H., The Books of William Morris Described. London: Frank Hollings, 1897 [reprinted 1976]. Formerly the standard bibliography of Morris's books despite the inclusion of forgeries and piracies perpetrated by the author and his friend Thomas J. Wise; for the current standard bibliography, see Eugene LeMire, A Bibliography of William Morris, below.
Cockerell, Sydney C., "History of the Kelmscott Press" and "An Annotated List of the Books Printed at the Kelmscott Press," in William Morris, A Note on His Aims in Founding the Kelmscott Press. [Kelmscott Press, 1898]].
Coupe, Robert L. M., Illustrated Editions of the Works of William Morris in English: A Descriptive Bibliography. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2002. Second edition, 2011.
Dunlap, Joseph R., The Book That Never Was. New York, 1971. Account of the projected illustrated edition of Morris's The Earthly Paradise, which partially came to fruition a century later in the Rampant Lion Press version of The Story of Cupid and Psyche produced in 1974.
LeMire, Eugene D. A Bibliography of William Morris, London: British Library; Newark, Delaware: Oak Knoll Press, 2006.
Life, Alan, "Illustration of Morris's 'Ideal Book,'" and Joseph R. Dunlap, "Morris and the Book Arts Before the Kelmscott Press," Victorian Poetry (1975). This was a special issue of the journal devoted to Morris, illustrated.
Peterson, William S., A Bibliography of the Kelmscott Press. Oxford UP, 1984. Definitive, detailed information on the Kelmscott Press: includes provenance information and notes on particular copies and related materials.
The Kelmscott Press Golden Legend: A Documentary History of its Production, Together with a Leaf from the Kelmscott Edition, ed. William S. Peterson. [College Park], 1990. Leaf book with introduction and facsimiles of related documents. For an on-line version of the book The Kelmscott Press Golden Legend.
Peterson, William S., The Kelmscott Press: A History of William Morris's Typographical Adventure. Oxford UP, 1991. By far the best book on the subject, offering not only a detailed history of the Press but analysis of Morris's aesthetic seen in the context of Victorian printing. An essential work, superseding almost everything else written on the subject.
Sparling, Henry Halliday,The Kelmscott Press and William Morris, Master Craftsman. London, 1924. Earlier history of the Kelmscott Press, incorporating Cockerell's checklist. Now superseded by Peterson's History.
The Typographical Adventure of William Morris. [London: William Morris Society, 1957]. Catalogue of a traveling exhibition organized by the William Morris Society in 1957. Places Morris's work in context of other printers and designers from 1850 to 1940.
William Morris And the Art of the Book, ed. Charles Ryskamp. New York: Oxford UP, 1976. Catalogue of the exhibition held at the Pierpont Morgan Library in 1976. With essays: "William Morris: Book Collector" by Paul Needham; "William Morris: Calligrapher" by Joseph Dunlap; and "William Morris: Typographer" by John Dreyfus. Detailed and illustrated, an essential source.
Thompson, Susan Otis, American Book Design and William Morris. New York, 1977; reprinted Newark, DE, 1996. Pioneering study of the influence of Morris's Kelmscott Press on American publishers and printers.
Walsdorf, John, William Morris in Private Press And Limited Editions. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1983. Useful bibliographical catalogue of books by and about Morris issued 1890-1982 in limited or fine editions.
Samuels Lasner, Mark, William Morris: The Collector as Creator. New York: Grolier Club, 1996. Checklist of the exhibition held at the Grolier Club, 1996–97, listing books owned and read by Morris and examples of Morris's own works in literature, politics, and the book arts.